When someone has suffered from a stroke, friends and family want to know how they can help. The best timing to look for resources is when the patient’s condition has finally stabilised and improved. At this time, choosing the right wheelchair for a stroke patient will impact the effectiveness of rehabilitation.
However, no one wheelchair is suitable for all stroke patients! Everyone has different symptoms, residual function, and lifestyles after having a stroke.
The patient is able to walk, but not far
For stroke patients at this level, movements such as sitting, standing, and walking are not greatly affected, but the speed and balance coordination are slightly worse. In this case, a lightweight aluminum wheelchair is recommended.
The patient can also use a large-wheeled (self-propelled) wheelchair to promote physical activity if they have the upper body strength. However, if a patient cannot propel themselves, a wheelchair with small wheels (attendant propelled) is lighter and easier to carry for the caregiver.
While the patient is using a crutch or walkers during rehabilitation, make sure to remember the principles of walking “Slow and Steady” and “Safety First”.
The patient cannot walk, but sits steadily
When a patient is paralyzed, the main goal is to restore their walking ability; therefore, a folding wheelchair that will allow the user to shift easily is required. Such wheelchairs are equipped with removable arm and footrests that can free up space, allowing the user to use their non-paralyzed arm and foot to operate and propel the wheelchair.
1. Outward Rotating Footrests.
Being able to rotate the footrests outwards as well as inwards will aid effective rehabilitation for stroke patients. When a footplate is removed, propelling the wheelchair is much easier. Check out this video demonstrating what we mean.
2. Lower Seat Adjustment.
Lowering the wheelchair’s seat makes it easier for the user’s feet to reach the ground. This makes it easier to move in and out of the chair as well as propelling the chair.
The lower the seat height, the better the easier it is for the patient to use their feet.
If a stroke has affected the lower body, then sometimes restoring a patient’s ability to walk is not possible. In this case, it might be time to consider an electric wheelchair. An electric wheelchair will allow the user to travel longer distances and have a sense of independence. To operate a wheelchair, the user needs some motor function, and good cognitive and visual abilities. Make sure to consult a professional physical therapist or talk to a wheelchair consultant.
Choosing a Folding Wheelchair for a Stroke Patient
When a patient cannot walk and cannot sit independently
These are patients with more severe symptoms and less motor function as a result of a stroke. When the user is in a wheelchair and they cannot hold their upper body or head steadily. Then we recommend a wheelchair with high-back support. Consider the following:
- Can the user hold up their head and neck independently? If yes, we recommend a reclining wheelchair.
- The user cannot sit up straight independently, they might slide out of the chair or lean to one side due to being paralysed：Then we recommend a ‘Tilt-in-Space’ wheelchair.
- The user is completely unstable and needs to use the wheelchair long term: Then we recommend the reclining and ‘Tilt-in-Space” 2-in-1 wheelchair.
Another factor of the patient to consider is the strength of the hip joint.
- When the patient’s hip joints have become weak, we recommend a reclining wheelchair so that the user can be adjusted smoothly into the lying down position. The reclining motion helps to improve the range of motion of their hip joints,and it also relieves any pressure on the joints and makes the job of caregiver easier.
- Some patients have no control of their hip joints, i.e. they cannot move their own buttocks to re-adjust their sitting position, then they need a ‘Tilt-in-Space’ wheelchair. This wheelchair allows the caregiver to tilt the user back without constantly adjusting the users seating position. This relieves the pressure on the joints and distributes the body weight evenly.
- Some patients lose control of the majority of their motor functions preventing them from both sitting independently and adjusting their posture. If the user is going to spend every day in a wheelchair, then we recommended that the patient uses a wheelchair that both reclines and tilts-in-space. The combination of these features will offer the most comfortable wheelchair experience for the user and make tasks easier for the caregiver.
There is no best wheelchair, only the most suitable one! We have summarised the wheelchairs mentioned so you can get to know which wheelchair is most suited to your stroke patient. We hope that you can find the most suitable wheelchair!